The Top 10 Tips for the Home Studio
This is a guest post written by Barry Gardner of SafeandSound Online Mastering.
1. Postpone non-essential equipment purchases and invest some money into acoustic treatment.
The results from basic acoustic treatment in a room will be audible on every recording and mix you make. Start with side wall absorbers for early reflections. Next, install a ceiling cloud above and just in front of your monitoring position. Bass traps are usually the most bulky treatment items and last on your list. However, bass traps will make a big difference to the accuracy of your low-frequency response. All of this is worth every penny.
2. Try where possible to get your loudspeakers out of the corners of the room.
I appreciate this is tricky as it takes up space but this will also help reduce bass build up which occurs when loudspeakers (especially reflex loaded ones with a port at the rear of the speaker) are against boundaries. The result from speakers not being in corners will be less bass tip up (an acoustic bass boost) and mixes that are not bass light on other reproduction systems.
3. Buy a low-cost SPL meter (Sound Pressure Level).
This will allow you to measure 85dB SPL, an important sound pressure level. 85dB SPL is where the human ear flattens its own natural response. I suggest that you occasionally listen at 85dB SPL in order to get an impression of your mix-down where the human hearing response is most linear. You do not need to monitor at this level all the time but it is a good plan to have some short bursts of monitoring at this level.
Search Tip : Search for Fletcher Munson equal loudness contours.
4. Record your music at 24 bit, and peak your recorded signals at -18dBFS on your DAW digital input meters.
This results in lower distortion, clearer sound and built-in headroom for your mix down. Remember, while it might look too low on a badly scaled digital peak meter (almost all DAW ones) it is actually around 0VU (electrical equivalent), a nominal level on which large mixing consoles would operate.
5. Always finish your mix after a good night’s sleep.
Do not finish your last mix tweaks late into the night, your hearing will be tired and you will be less perceptive. The final tweaks are normally better the next morning with a fresh brain, fresh ears and coffee.
6. Do not hesitate to drag and drop a piece of music with a world-class mix-down within your genre into your mix session.
This can be of great value to get a perspective of where you are with your own mix-down.Bear in mind most tracks will have been mastered and sound much louder. This is best evened out by reducing the volume of your reference track so it meets that of your mixdown. This is especially useful for getting your bass levels roughly right in an inaccurate environment before mastering or self finalizing.
7. Need more warmth in your recordings?
Purchase a ribbon or a dynamic mic and double mic sources with this secondary mic so you have a warm alternative to your main mic choice. This can be useful as a blend of the 2 mics can result in a wonderful sound.
8. Color-code your tracks and faders in your DAW.
This makes navigating a large mixing session much easier. You can extend the coloring to , blue always snare, vocals always green. Being organized keeps your stress down and in control.
9. Back up your hard drive.
I suggest that when your system is configured and authorized, buy a SATA copy station (2 drives slot in and you can clone a drive with one button push) and do an identical copy of your main system drive. This means that when your hard drives fail you have copies and a mini catastrophe.
10. Protect your hearing at all costs, always wear ear plugs when clubbing and gigging.
Never listen to headphones or earbuds too loud. Become familiar with sound pressure level safe exposure times and use the SPL meter your bought above to check that your hearing is safe. It’s become a cliché, but damaged hearing is irreversible and to be avoided at all costs.
Image by: Derek K. Miller